### BOILER EFFICIENCY GUIDE - Cleaver-Broo

It is calculated by dividing the boiler output (in BTUs) by the boiler input (in BTUs) and multiplying by 100. The actual input and output of the boiler are determined though instrumentation and the data is used in calculations that result in the fuel-to-steam efficiency.

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Dec 27, 2018· How to Estimate the Right Size of Gas Boilers for the Square Feet of the House. Gas boilers use natural gas or propane to heat water to its boiling point. The resulting steam is transferred ...

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There are approximately 430.8 BTU/kg of steam (950 BTU/lb), so dividing total BTU requirements by the respective number will calculate the amount of steam required per hour. This amount can then be added to the other requirements. As an example, assume a dryer requires 1 million BTUs/hr to operate.

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Dec 19, 2017· H eating boiler calculation excel sheets: Boiler calculations Excel Sheet [] Heating capacity and boiler calculations PDF [] These excel sheets determine the amount of fuel energy required to produce steam with specified properties at a given flow rate using general boiler …

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Apr 15, 2020· The loss of heat transferred to the environment S 4, taking into account heat transfer from the boiler to the environment by convection and radiation, and is calculated from the empirical formula : (24) S 4 = 10 0.36173 − 0.2912 lg Q ˙ u where Q ˙ u is the utilized heat power in the boiler and is determined using heat balance calculations ...

Get a Quote### How To: Determine The Minimum Required Thickness Of A .

e = Thickness factor for expanded tube ends (mm) (see PG-27.4, note 4) page 11. P = Maximum allowable working pressure “Gauge Pressure” (MPa) (see PG-21, refers to gauge pressure) R = Inside radius of cylinder (mm) “In this case boiler drum”.

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The objective when sizing boiler feed pumps is to find the pump which will operate under the conditions required. The pump selection should consider first cost, reliability and electrical consumption. There are seven steps involved in pump selection. 1. Determine the number of pumps required 2. Determine if modulating feedwater or on-off feedwater control will […]

Get a Quote### STEAM DRUM WATER LEVEL MEASUREME

Boiler steam drum water level is one of the most important power plant parameters to both measure and control. Control of the proper water level in the boiler is critical for safe operation of the boiler. If the level is too low, boiler tubes will be damaged by overheating. If the

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Practical Steam Turbine Performance Calculations (using Flex Live’s Steam Flex routine or by manual methods) A steam turbine’s power and/or efficiency can be quickly and accurately calculated using Flexware’s Steam Flex steam properties program. It will be necessary to obtain the following operating data from the field.

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For example, the calculation of the total annual NOx emissions for an 800 hp boiler operating 24 hours/day, 365 days/year and having a NOx level of 110 ppm would be as follows. Emission Factor = 0.13 lb/MMBtu (110 ppm = 0.13 lb/MMBtu) Boiler Input = 33.5 MMBtu/hr (Based on 80% Efficiency)

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Nov 03, 2006· Steam Boilers & Appurtenances, Combustion & Instrumentation Controls, Deaerators, Exhaust Systems, Heat Exchangers, Heat Pipes, Industrial Pumps, Water Heaters, Water Softeners, Boiler Seminars, Services & Parts. 8 Common Boiler Formulas BR = (1 / CC) * BC BR = (1 / 8.6) * 10,000 BR = 1,163#/hr Where, BR Blowdown rate BC Boiler capacity in #/hr

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Dec 05, 2017· A better choice would be 1-1/2” or 2” of pipe insulation. An un-insulated steam main is equal to a radiator and must be calculated and added to the above calculation. When operating a steam boiler without insulation on the main steam pipes in the basement, you’ll need a larger boiler, incurring higher operating costs.

Get a Quote### BLOWDOWN CALCULATION FOR BOILER - Altr

in the boiler drum. This can be calculated as follows: E = Evaporation or steam generation rate. S = Amount of solids (ppm) B = Blow down (m3 / hr) C = Maximum permissible concentration of solid inside the boiler drum B = E x S (m3 / hr.) C – S % B = S C – S This formula has been equally applied to control individual constituents in boiler.

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Boiler Pressure. kPa abs MPa abs psi abs bar abs kg/cm² abs mmHg abs kPaG MPaG psig barG kg/cm²G mmHgG. Temperature of Feed Water to Boiler. °C °F K. Feed Water Rate. kg/h t (metric)/h lb/h. Calorific Value of Fuel (Low Value) kJ/kg MJ/kg kcal/kg BTU/lb. Fuel Consumption.

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Steam. Steam Production. Total Heat of Steam = Sensible Heat + Latent Heat of Vaporisation Specific Enthalpy : Steam = Water + Evaporation Thus the Total Heat of Steam (Specific Enthalpy - Steam) is 2,676 kJ/kg (1151 Btu/lb) This data is found in Steam Tables. Steam.

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Get a Quote### Steam Calculators: Boiler Calculat

Mar 17, 2015· The feedwater flow rate can be calculated from steam mass flow and blowdown rate: Blowdown Mass Flow = Feedwater Mass Flow * Blowdown Rate; Steam Mass Flow = Feedwater Mass Flow - Blowdown Mass Flow; Steam Mass Flow = Feedwater Mass Flow - Feedwater Mass Flow * Blowdown Rate; Feedwater Mass Flow = Steam Mass Flow / [ 1 - Blowdown Rate]

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Blowdown in Boiler Definition. Blowdown in Boiler, Usually, water which is fed to the boiler contains high Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) content as well as other dissolved and undissolved solids in it. On heating water or converting water to steam, these dissolved solids do not evaporate and gets separated from water or steam and settled at the bottom of the shell.

Get a Quote### Boiler Fuel Consumption Calculation - YouTu

Hello dosto 10 Ton ka boiler me kitna fuel lagta hai 1 ghante me aise calculate karte hai. Thanks for Watching... Subscribe to our Channel:- p>

Get a Quote### Calculating Boiler Chemical Requirements – Water .

Jun 26, 2017· The supplemental alkalinity requirement is, therefore, 20 ppm minus 15 ppm = 5 ppm required as calcium carbonate. Dividing 5 ppm by 50 (equivalent weight of calcium carbonate) gives 0.10 epm caustic soda (as 100% active), or 0.20 epm as 50% active.

Get a Quote### Calc 1 - Boiler Efficiency.x

Fuel flow and heat input are not used to calculate boiler efficiency, but are necessary for calculation of air and gas flows. OR Group C: For non-reheat units, enter all of the following: Fuel Flow determination will attempt to access Group A data first, Group B data second, and Group C data last. Steam Flow

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